Medical and dental clinic | Dental fillings

Dental fillings

Did you know that tooth decay (also known as dental caries) is one of the most common infectious dental diseases? As many as 90% of the world's teeth are affected by tooth decay. Caries is usually treated with a filling.

Why does tooth decay occur and how to recognise it?

Tooth decay is caused by four main factors: frequent consumption of carbohydrates, bacteria in plaque and saliva, susceptible tooth surfaces and time. When the tooth enamel's resistance (mineral content) decreases, it becomes easy for bacteria and viral enzymes in the mouth to dissolve the enamel. This is how cavities develop. The first signs of tooth decay: - surface discolouration (white, brown, dark spots); - reaction to sweet foods; - response to thermal stimuli - cold. The symptoms of tooth decay vary greatly from person to person. Some people feel tooth pain as soon as the decay approaches the dentin, while others feel it only when the decay has already reached the nerve of the tooth. For this reason, regular check-ups and professional oral hygiene are recommended for everyone. In the initial stage of tooth decay, the tooth is treated without drilling and filling. This is the latest innovative Icon system for the initial treatment of caries, where the tooth tissue is strengthened with special mineral, fluoride and calcium preparations. In the case of deeper tooth tissue damage, the decayed tissue is removed by drilling and the cleaned cavity is filled with high-quality composite fillings.

What is a dental filling?

A filling is designed to fill a cleaned cavity and protect the existing tooth nerve from possible damage and further serious complications. The treatment is carried out by cleaning and filling the carious cavities with restorative materials using special instruments. Restoring a decayed tooth restores the tooth's anatomical shape, chewing function and aesthetic appearance. Nowadays, even very damaged teeth can be restored with a high-quality filling. Just bear in mind that the larger the seal, the shorter its lifetime may be. Therefore, although it is possible to restore the entire tooth with restorative materials alone, in some cases this treatment option will not have any longevity - we will recommend a prosthetic tooth. Sealing is also required: - tooth loss due to overcrowding caused by bite problems or jaw muscle hyperfunction; - wear and tear, in which the tooth loses its original shape and aesthetics; - Tooth fillings can not only restore what has been lost, but also give the patient a new tooth shape and colour that is acceptable to the patient - this is when an aesthetic filling is performed. Do you have further questions? Call +370 692 38498 or email

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