Medical and dental clinic | Changes in the mouth during pregnancy

Changes in the mouth during pregnancy

More plaque due to nausea when brushing and more frequent snacking

Gingivitis. Gums are red, swollen and bleed when brushing.

An imbalance of sex hormones causes the body to react more strongly to the same amount of plaque

Periodontitis. The bone surrounding the tooth is damaged and begins to dissolve. Periodontitis pockets form, the roots become girdled and the teeth become crooked.

Inflammatory gum diseases develop: gingivitis, periodontitis, pyogenic granuloma

Pyogenic granuloma. Benign tumour of pregnancy. If it does not interfere with chewing and aesthetics, it is treated after birth.




Bleeding gums release bacteria and their products and inflammatory mediators into the blood system

Inflammatory mediators are produced in the mother’s liver

Inflammatory mediators interfere with blood flow to the placenta and cause necrosis of the placenta, slowing down the growth of the foetus.

Increasing risk. Premature birth Low birth weight Pre-eclampsia


It is important to treat dental and gum disease before pregnancy. The main goal during pregnancy is to avoid the accumulation of dental plaque.

Safe professional oral hygiene and conservative periodontitis treatment


1st trimester
Only necessary treatment

2nd trimester
Full treatment available

3rd trimester
Only necessary treatment

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